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How A Mattress Is Made

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#1 Rated: Saatva Classic

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A mattress can be made of wire, netting, polyurethane foam, or polyester.

The top, bottom, and side panels are covered with a durable fabric cover quilted over a backing.

There are also rigid border wires (or padded foam) around the perimeters for edge support.

The 4 most common mattress types are constructed in the following ways:

1. Hybrid: Combines memory foam, latex, or gel along with an innerspring system to provide pressure relief and a sturdy feel.
2. Foam: Made by combining polyurethane polymer with hard-working chemicals.
3. Latex: Made from latex foam which is derived from the sap of rubber trees.
4. Innerspring: Consists of a layer of springs, a layer of foam, and a layer of batting.

A sturdy hybrid innerspring like Saatva Classic is the ideal mattress for most people. Incredibly comfortable and built to last 10-15 years!

#1 Best Made Mattress Available, Today

The Saatva Classic is America's best-selling online luxury hybrid innerspring mattress.

It's a sturdy mattress that is extremely comfortable and built to last.

Provides a good balance of support, pressure relief, and bounce.

Maintains healthy spinal alignment and back support in any sleeping position.

What Is A Hybrid Mattress Made Of

Hybrid mattresses can be made of a variety of materials, but they must have latex or innerspring coils.

A hybrid mattress has the softness of memory foam and the support of innerspring coils.

Hybrid mattresses come in a variety of materials:

• Memory foam
• Polyurethane foam
• Latex
• Gel-infused foam
• Cotton
• Cashmere
• Wool

Hybrid mattresses come in 3 basic types:

1. Hybrid latex
2. Hybrid foam (features pocketed coils and 4-6" of foam)
3. Hybrid innerspring (features coil-on-coil construction, pocketed coils, and 2-3" of foam)

Hybrid mattresses have the following characteristics:

• Base: Can be made of innerspring, foam, or latex
• Top comfort layer: Can be made of foam, gel foam, or latex
• Style: Include euro pillow tops, pillow tops, and tight tops
• Price: Less expensive than latex or foam. Usually between an innerspring and a memory foam mattress

Compared to all-foam mattresses, hybrids last longer, breathe better, and respond better.

Some hybrid mattresses have natural cooling materials. To reduce off-gassing, they can also contain organic materials.

What Is A Memory Foam Mattress Made Of

The viscosity and elasticity of memory foam are affected by chemicals added to polyurethane.

When you take the stretching force away from memory foam, it returns to its original shape.

There are 3 types of memory foam mattresses:

1. Traditional
2. Open-Cell
3. Gel

Memory foam mattresses have the following characteristics::

• Base foam: Ranges from low (1.5 lb.) to high (5 lb.) density.
• Top comfort layer: Usually gel or normal foam (sometimes infused with copper or graphite for cooling). 2-6"".
• Style: Euro pillow top, pillow top, and tight top are all available.
• Thickness: 6-14 inches The thickness of each individual level is also significant, as it helps ensure that you get the benefits of the support core without the mattress becoming uncomfortable.
• Gel: Often incorporated in memory foam construction. Gel-based microbeads create pockets similar to those found in open-cell mattresses, and actively absorb and release heat from your body.
• Chemicals: Memory foam is made up of 61 different chemicals, and each brand may use different suppliers from different countries. Each country has its own chemical standards, so it is imperative to check which fire retardant standards your memory foam mattress meets.
• Eco-friendliness: A new innovation in memory foam is the development of eco-friendly foams. More plant-based materials are being used in these foams.
• Price: Not as expensive as latex, but more expensive than innerspring and hybrids.

What Is A Latex Mattress Made Of

Rubber trees produce latex, which is whipped into soft mattress material.

Latex mattresses come in 3 types, including:

• Synthetic
• Blended
• Natural latex

There are 2 main ways to make latex mattresses:

1. Dunlop mattresses are firmer because they're made with natural materials
2. Talalay mattresses have a softer texture and are usually used as top comfort layers. Before it's baked, Talalay is vacuum-sealed and flash-frozen

There are a few things you need to know about latex mattresses:

• Base: Either Talalay (more buoyant) or Dunlop (harder)
• Top comfort layer: Either Talalay (97% natural) or Dunlop (95% natural). 2 to 6 inches
• Style: Euro pillow top, pillow top, and tight top are all available
• Price: Higher than other mattress types (on average)

Latex mattresses offer 5 major benefits:

1. Pressure-relieving
2. Durable
3. Easy to maintain
4. Hypoallergenic
5. Eco-friendly

What Is An Innerspring Mattress Made Of

There are 3 layers in an innerspring mattress: springs, foam, and batting.

Foam acts as a buffer between you and the springs.

Innerspring mattresses have padding and upholstery materials, like foam, fiber, and even smaller steel springs (called micro-coils).

Innerspring mattresses have 4 primary characteristics:

• Base: Multiple spring types can be used, including pocketed coils, micro coils, mini coils, Bonnell coils, continuous wire coils, etc.
• Top comfort layer: 2-4" of bio-available foams (like Saatva Classic).
• Style: Euro pillow top, pillow top, and tight top are all available.
• Price: Cheaper than latex, foam, and hybrids (on average).


1. Innerspring mattresses with wire springs are the oldest and most common.
2. Wrapped wire springs are lighter but still supportive.
3. Pocket coil springs are more responsive to in-bed movements (and mostly found in more premium spring mattresses).

Note: Innerspring mattresses have a smooth surface and steel coil spring base, plus they provide support for your whole body and are easy to move around in.

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#1 Rated: Saatva Classic

Saatva is our #1 best mattress for 2023! 50k+ 5-star reviews.

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